The Queen, The Throne and The Elections !
Well, as promised last week, new article this weekend. First of all, before educating you a little bit, I will give you some news. Again
Two more weeks and it will be the holidays. Can't wait for that. Really. I've just finish another essay of 3500 words and I can't do that again. Never... ^^
- I "missed" the solar eclipse... Comm'on... I've bought these useless glasses for nothing. Damn smog. I really wanted to see this. Well, maybe next time.
- The Student Union Election of my University took place last week. The same Student Union was elected and weird thing: the elections are really different than ours. I mean, in my Uni in France, we have all these partys, these challenges for every teams who want to be elected. Here, it was just a little presentation of the team, a gift for voting and that was all. Really disappointing. ^^ #RememberTheRed
- Oh! And I'm requested to vote in UK. Really don't know if I can as an Erasmus student but, I will gather some information to be sure. Could be intersting to vote here.
EDIT: Oh! And for future (europeans) students in UK, here a little advice for you and for your first essay here. You can use : RefMe for all your references in essay.
Oh, and I've waited the results in France to write this article. Well done, French people, you showed to everybody how clever and tolerant you can be. English cynicism rubbed off on me.
Well, and know, let's go for this article.
United Kingdom is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional Monarch as Head of State.
The House of Lords:
The House of Lords is made up of people who have inherited family titles and those who have been given titles because of their outstanding work in one field or another. There are 675 members of the Lords. A person who sits in the House of Lords is a peer.
The main job of the House of Lords is to 'double check' new laws to make sure they are fair and will work.
The House of Commons:
The principle behind British democracy is that the people elect Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons in London at a general election, held no more than five years apart. Most MPs belong to a political party, and the party with the largest number of MPs in the House of Commons forms the government. The House of Commons has 650 members (MPs) who have been elected by local residents to represent an area of the country in Parliament.
Each MP represents one of 650 constituencies (areas) in the UK and is a member of a political party, such as New Labour or the Conservative party.
Interesting Fact: No King or Queen has entered the House of Commons since 1642, when Charles l stormed in with his soldiers and tried to arrest five members of Parliament who were there
The Queen is the official Head of State. Britain has a constitutional monarchy where the Queen only rules symbolically; in reality, power belongs to Parliament. So, although the Queen 'opens' Parliament each year and laws are passed in her name, the Queen herself plays no part in determining decisions made in Parliament.The Queen has the final say on whether a bill becomes law.
Interesting Fact: The last Monarch to reject a law that was wanted by both Houses of Parliament was Queen Anne.
Parliament is where politicians (MPs) meet to decide laws and make decisions for the United Kingdom. It is not the same as the Government (which runs the country). One of the jobs Parliament does is to check that the Government is running the country properly but his main functions of Parliament are:
- to pass laws
- to provide, by voting for taxation, the means of carrying on the work of government
- to scrutinise government policy and administration, including proposals for expenditure
- to debate the major issues of the day
Parliament is made up of three parts:
- The Queen
- The House of Lords
- The House of Commons
The Parliament and Government mean two different things.
- Parliament represents the people
- Government runs the country and is also elected by the people
- Being a Member of Parliament (MP) is not the same as being in Government. The political party that has more seats than all the others runs the country.
- After the 1992 general election the largest party (the conservatives) had 21 more seats than the all the others. With this majority they could out vote all the other parties, so they formed the Government. Their party Leader, John Major, became the Prime Minister.
- In the 2010 general election no single party won enough majority of seats to form the government alone. So, in order to form a government two or more parties had to join together. David Cameron, the leader of the Conservative Party, formed a new government, in coalition with the Liberal Democrats. He became prime minster and Nick Clegg, leader of the Liberal Democrats became his deputy.
Interesting fact: England is the only country in the UK not to have its own separate parliament.
How the laws are made? :
A proposed new law is called a bill. Bills must be agreed by both Houses of Parliament and receive Royal Assent from the Queen before they can become Acts of Parliament which make our law. The Bill is introduced by a First Reading. This is simply an official notice that a Bill is going to be proposed and what it's about. It gives MPs time to prepare and discuss it.
Shortly afterwards comes the Second Reading. At this point the principles are considered on the floor of the House. The Bill is then sent to be looked at by small groups of MPs who examine the Bill in detail.
At the Third Reading the Bill is debated and there is a vote. If the Government has a majority, the Bill is then passed to the House of Lords.
Once a Bill has passed through both Houses, it is sent to the Queen for the Royal Assent. Once it has Royal Assent the Bill becomes an Act of Parliament. It is the law of the land.
- Since 1952, The Queen has given Royal Assent to 3135 Acts of Parliament.
- Up until the end of the 17th century, British monarchs were executive monarchs. This means they had the right to make and pass laws. Since the beginning of the eighteenth century, the monarch has become a constitutional monarch.
I hope you find these facts interesting. After the long long ones about the War of the Roses, I try to shorten a little this my article :)
And, the Queen refuses to sit on the Throne of Power... So... The Throne of Power came to her, last week for the Premiere of next Game of Thrones season. ^^ We can't deny power :)
That's all for today and this week. Again, I hope you enjoyed reading this and 'til next article, have a good day :)
Yeah, no new pictures this week... Well.. This one was a bad mix of some of my pictures but I never posted it. ^^
You must understand why, now. Well, picture(s) of the week ^^
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